Sunday, May 24, 2020
When certain minerals compress under specific conditions, most often below the surface of the earth, a process occurs which forms a new compound known as a gemstone. Gemstones can be made of one or more minerals, and as a result, some minerals refer to more than one gemstone name. In order to better understand the interaction between the two, reference the two charts below Ã¢â¬â the first details each gemstone and the minerals that combined to form it and the second lists each mineral and the gemstones it can produce. For instance, Quartz can form Amethyst, Ametrine, Citrine, and Morion (and a few more) gemstones depending on which other minerals and elements compress together and at what depth in the earths crust and temperature the compression occurs at. How Gemstones Are Formed Most gemstones are formed in either the crust or the very top layer of the earths mantle in the molten magma bubbling in the depths of the world, but only peridot and diamonds are formed deep in the mantle. All gems, however, are mined in the crust where they can cool to solidify in the crust, which is made up of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock. Like the minerals that make up gemstones, some are associated with one kind of rock in particular while others have several types of rock that go into the creation of that stone. Igneous gemstones are formed when magma solidifies in the crust and crystallizes to form minerals then an increase in pressure starts a series of chemical exchanges which eventually cause the mineral to compress into a gemstone. Igneous rock gemstones include amethyst, citrine, ametrine, emeralds, morganite, and aquamarine as well as garnet, moonstone, apatite, and even diamond and zircon. Gemstones to Minerals The following chart serves as a translation guide between gemstones and minerals with each link going to photos of the gems and minerals: Gemstone Name Mineral Name Achroite Tourmaline Agate Chalcedony Alexandrite Chrysoberyl Amazonite Microcline Feldspar Amber Amber Amethyst Quartz Ametrine Quartz Andalusite Andalusite Apatite Apatite Aquamarine Beryl Aventurine Chalcedony Benitoite Benitoite Beryl Beryl Bixbite Beryl Bloodstone Chalcedony Brazilianite Brazilianite Cairngorm Quartz Carnelian Chalcedony Chrome Diopside Diopside Chrysoberyl Chrysoberyl Chrysolite Olivine Chrysoprase Chalcedony Citrine Quartz Cordierite Cordierite Demantoid Garnet Andradite Diamond Diamond Dichroite Cordierite Dravite Tourmaline Emerald Beryl Garnet Pyrope, Almandine, Andradite, Spessartine, Grossularite, Uvarovite Goshenite Beryl Heliodor Beryl Heliotrope Chalcedony Hessonite Grossularite Hiddenite Spodumene Indigolite/Indicolite Tourmaline Iolite Cordierite Jade Nephrite or Jadeite Jasper Chalcedony Kunzite Spodumene Labradorite Plagioclase Feldspar Lapis Lazuli Lazurite Malachite Malachite Mandarin Garnet Spessartine Moonstone Orthoclase, Plagioclase, Albite, Microcline Feldspars Morganite Beryl Morion Quartz Onyx Chalcedony Opal Opal Peridot Olivine Pleonast Spinel Quartz Quartz Rhodochrosite Rhodochrosite Rhodolite Almandine-Pyrope Garnet Rubellite Tourmaline Rubicelle Spinel Ruby Corundum Sapphire Corundum Sard Chalcedony Scapolite Scapolite Schorl Tourmaline Sinhalite Sinhalite Sodalite Sodalite Spinel Spinel Sugilite Sugilite Sunstone Oligoclase Feldspar Taaffeite Taaffeite Tanzanite Zoisite Titanite Titanite (Sphene) Topaz Topaz Tourmaline Tourmaline Tsavorite Garnet Grossularite Turquoise Turquoise Uvarovite Uvarovite Verdelite Tourmaline Violan Diopside Zircon Zircon Minerals to Gemstones In the following chart, the minerals in the column on the left translate to the gemstone name on the right, with links contained therein forwarding to more information and additional of the minerals and gemstones associated. Mineral Name Gemstone Name Albite Moonstone Almandine Garnet Almandine-Pyrope Garnet Rhodolite Amber Amber Andalusite Andalusite Andradite Demantoid Garnet Apatite Apatite Benitoite Benitoite Beryl Aquamarine, Beryl, Bixbite, Emerald, Goshenite, Heliodore, Morganite Brazilianite Brazilianite Chalcedony Agate, Aventurine, Bloodstone, Carnelian, Chrysoprase, Heliotrope, Jasper, Onyx, Sard Chrysoberyl Alexandrite, Chrysoberyl Cordierite Cordierite, Dichroite, Iolite Corundum Ruby, Sapphire Diamond Diamond Diopside Chrome Diopside, Violan Grossular/Grossularite Hessonite, Tsavorite Garnet Jadeite Jade Lazurite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Malachite Microcline Feldspar Amazonite, Moonstone Nephrite Jade Oligoclase Feldspar Sunstone Olivine Chrysolite, Peridot Opal Opal Orthoclase Feldspar Moonstone Plagioclase Feldspar Moonstone, Labradorite Pyrope Garnet Quartz Amethyst, Ametrine, Cairngorm, Citrine, Morion, Quartz Rhodochrosite Rhodochrosite Scapolite Scapolite Sinhalite Sinhalite Sodalite Sodalite Spessartine Mandarin Garnet Sphene (Titanite) Titanite Spinel Pleonast, Rubicelle Spodumene Hiddenite, Kunzite Sugilite Sugilite Taaffeite Taaffeite Topaz Topaz Tourmaline Achroite, Dravite, Indigolite/Indicolite, Rubellite, Schorl, Verdelite Turquoise Turquoise Uvarovite Garnet, Uvarovite Zircon Zircon Zoisite Tanzanite
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
We live in a hyperconnected world where linking up with someone thousands of miles away is easier than making your own doctor s appointment, and all that you would need to accomplish this is the nearest wifi password. So its no surprise that we can see how each culture is noticeably influencing many of the other cultures around the world. We can also see how each of these cultures are not entirely unified throughout a country, as people can be effected by their regional location, and even the way they speak. So each culture can become increasingly diverse, and have a variety of different effects on many different people depending on the part of that culture that those people have been exposed to. With that diversity in mind there is actually a term for these recognized diversions. When there is a group of people in a culture that share a different set of: values, ideals, or behaviors, we classify it as a subculture. There are many things that we can use as identifiers for subcultures , such as particular styles, some intense interests, or even the use of different dialects. The difference in dialect can also be added to the influence of linguistic relativity and how people relate to and interact with the world and other people around themselves. These cultural influences are brought around through many different mediums, sometimes its through force when things like wars and governments get involved, however in our world as it is now media is generally the preferredShow MoreRelatedDesign and Implementation of Wifi Hotspot3604 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesGerald Kayanja 3240726 Advanced Diploma of Telecommunication Engineering School of Engineering, TAFE | Design and Implementation of Wifi Hotspot | | Final Project Report | RMIT University October 25, 2010 Supervised by: Sayed Kamrul Hasan 1. Abstract With the growing popularity of wireless internet and intranet technology, Wifi-Hotspot is a common buzz word in the telecommunication engineering environment. The features and options that wireless hotspot offers it has becameRead MoreFeasibility Study on Internet Cafe Chapter 17099 Words Ã |Ã 29 PagescafÃ © as well, with food and drinks being served. Internet Service Provider (ISP). Short for Internet Service Provider, a company that provides access to the Internet. For a monthly fee, the service provider gives you a software package, username, password and access phone number. Equipped with a modem, you can then log on to the Internet and browse the World Wide Web and USENET, and send and receive e-mail. Job specification. It is a detail of competencies, education, and experience qualificationsRead MoreFreemium Business Model21065 Words Ã |Ã 85 Pagesattractive enough for people to use it rather than finding the nearest computer. Of course one shouldn t overexaggerate the wonders of the iPhone most of its features have been available long before the iPhone, but it does signify the start of an era where people are going to be using their mobile phones for more than just calling and text messaging, something that has been predicted to happen Ã¢â¬Å"next yearÃ¢â¬ every year since the late 90Ã¢â¬â¢s. As Wifi availability increases, 3G bandwidth and processor capacitiesRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words Ã |Ã 960 Pagesvoice transmission can provide higherquality transmissionÃ¢â¬âless noise on the lineÃ¢â¬âjust as digital recording provides higher-fidelity music. Most of our telephone instruments are still analog devices, so the signal sent from the instrument to the nearest switching center (which may be operated either by the telephone company or by your own organization) is still an analog signal. These telephone switches, however, are rapidly being converted from analog to digital switches. When the analog voice
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the A guide to Directors Duties and Responsibilities. Answer: Relevant law A company director is the sole/heart of the company who runs and manages the company affairs. Section 9 of the Corporation Act 2001 defines a director as the person who performs the functions of the directors and comprise of shadow, de facto, alternate directors, etc. There are common and statutory duties which every director must comply with. (WD Duncan, 2012) Common law duties 1.Every director must perform with utmost good faith, with bonfide intention and in the companys interest (Whitehouse v Carlton Hotel Pty Ltd (1987). There is breach, if the companys interest is not taken into account but the breach is considered what a reasonable prudent man thinks in the like circumstances Farrow Finance Company Ltd (in liq) v Farrow Properties Pty Ltd (in liq) (1997). 2.Every director must act with proper purpose and should not misuse their powers to gain benefit for themselves (Pine Vale Investments Ltd v East Ltd East Ltd Anor (1983). Every director must act with diligence and care. This duty cannot be delegated and even of delegated it will not absolve the responsibility of the director (Statewide Tobacco Services Ltd v Morley (1990). 1.The directors must be fully informed regarding the affairs of the company before making any decisions at the board (Daniels v Anderson (1995). 2.Every director must avoid any conflicting situation and if the conflicts occur then the companys interest should prevail (SEA Food International Pty Ltd v Lam (1998). 3.Directors own a fiduciary duty which must be complying with in every scenario No confidential information must be disclosed by the directors. No director must abuse the corporate opportunities. Statutory duties 1.Section 180 (1) of the Act establishes that the duty of diligence and care should be performed by the directors and other officers like a normal prudent man do in the similar circumstances (ASIC v Healy (2011). 2.As per section 181, every director or officers must act in good faith, proper purpose and in companys interest. This duty is breached even when the directors are acting honestly. As per section 182 and section 183 of the Act, the position and information, respectively, of the company must not be misused which is disadvantageous to company and in the benefit of the directors (ASIC v Vizard) regardless of the fact whether benefit or disadvantage actually occurs or not. As per section 191-195 of the Act, the director must disclose all the material personal interest which he has in the affairs of the company. Application As per facts, Property Developments Ltd (company) with Julian, Sol and Daniel as directors. The company intent to acquire a land. The company also desires to engage an architectural firm to design plans for their buildings and sought various firms to tender for the role. Breach of duty by Julian As per the facts, Julian, at the board meeting recommends to buy the land from Gerald (his uncle) @ $850,000 (current market value). He did not disclose his relationship with Gerald and the fact that his uncle intends to sell the land to pay the bank loan. Now, Julian is in breach of his statutory duty under section 182-183 as he misused his position and information and it makes no difference whether any disadvantage to the company or any benefit to him actually incurs or not. Also, he did not acted with all due care and diligence, with good faith, proper purpose or in the company interest and thus has violated section 180 (1) 181. Also, he did not disclose any material personal interest and is in violation of section 191-195 of the Act. Also, Raphael is the brother of Julian and is the owner/director of an architectural practice company. Julian is in charge of the tender process. Julian by using his position and information has informed Raphael as what each architectural firm is going to charge. This has provided an advantage to Raphael to offer the lowest price. Thus, Julian has dishonestly and recklessly violated section 182 and section 183 of the Act. Also, he did not disclose his relation with Raphael to other directors and thus has violated section 181 of the Act. Julian has also violated common law duties of good faith, transferring of confidential information, misuse of position and information. Breach of duty by Sol and Daniel Both the directors agree to buy the land from Gerald and authorize Julian to proceed with the transaction. They make no independent financial enquiry and how the company will raise the finances. They are not pro at understating finance and leave it to the companys accountants to sort out. Thus, they acted without any care and diligence by not enquiring into the financial position of the transaction and also violated their duty of good faith which they have against the other personnels of the company and thus have breach section 180(1)- 182 of the Act. The common law duties of good faith, transferring of confidential information, misuse of position and information are also violated. Since Julian is in breach of 180 (1) 183 section 191-195 of the Act thus, civil penalties must be imposed upon him. Sol and Daniel has also violated section 180(1)- 182 of the Act. Thus, the directors can be compensated or impose with civil penalty a fine of $200,000 or can be disqualified under section 206C of the Act. Also, Julian has provided advantage to Raphael by acting recklessly and dishonestly and thus has violated section 180 (1)-183 of the Act. So he committed a criminal offense under section 184 and can be imposed with a fine of $360,000 or 5 years Jail or both or can be disqualified (section 206 B). All the directors can take the defense under section 180 (2) to relieve from the breach of section 180 (1), if the director/officer can prove that the decisions taken by them is in good faith, proper purpose, there is no material personal interest or genuinely consider that the decisions in the companys best interest. Conclusion Thus, Julian has acted without any care, diligence and good faith. He also acted recklessly and dishonestly. Thus, he is liable both under civil and criminal law. Also, Sol and Daniel ahs also violated section 180 (1)- 182 and thus civil liabilities can be imposed upon them. References Books/Articles/Journals? Etraining (2008) A guide to directors duties and responsibilities for non-listed public companies and proprietary companies in Australia. WD Duncan (2012) Joint Ventures Law in Australia: 3rd Edition. Federation Press. Case laws ASIC v Healy (2011) 83 ACSR 484. ASIC v Vizard FCA 1037 Daniels v Anderson (1995) 37 NSWLR 438. Farrow Finance Company Ltd (in liq) v Farrow Properties Pty Ltd (in liq) (1997) 26 ACSR 544. Pine Vale Investments Ltd v East Ltd East Ltd Anor (1983) 8 ACLR 199. SEA Food International Pty Ltd v Lam (1998) 16 ACLC 552. Statewide Tobacco Services Ltd v Morley (1990) 2 ACSR 405 Whitehouse v Carlton Hotel Pty Ltd (1987) 162 CLR 285.
Thursday, April 2, 2020
Macbeth Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, is the tragic tale of Macbeth, a virtuous man, corrupted by power and greed. This tagedy could in fact be called "A Tale of Two Theories". One theory suggests that the tragic hero, Macbeth, is led down an unescapable road of doom by an outside force, namely fate in the form of the three witches. The second suggests that there is no supernatural force working against Macbeth, which therefore makes him responsible for his own actions and inevitable downfall. It must be remembered that Macbethis a literary work of art, and as a peice of art is open to many different interpretations, none of them right and none of them wrong. But the text of the play seems to imply that Macbeth is indeed responsible for his own actions which are provoked by an unwillingness to listen to his own conscience, the witches, and his ambition. First, Macbeth ignores the voice of his own psyche. He knows what he is doing is wrong even before he murders Duncan, but he allows Lady Macbeth and greed to cloud his judgement. In referring to the idea of the murder of Duncan, Macbeth first states,"We will proceed no further in this business"(I.vii.32). Yet, after speaking with Lady Macbeth he recants and proclaims,"I am settled, and bend up/Each corporal agent to this terrible feat"(I.vii.79-80). There is nothing supernatural to be found in a man being swayed by the woman he loves, as a matter of fact this action could be perceived as quite the opposite. Second, the witches have to be dispelled as a source of Macbeth's misfortune before the latter theory can be considered. It is admittedly strange that the weird sisters first address Macbeth with,"All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee Thane of Cawdor!"(I.iii.49), a title which not even Macbeth is aware he has been awarded. Even stranger is the third witch calling to Macbeth,"All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!"(I.iii.50). However as stated by Bradley,"No connection of these announcements with any actions of his was even hinted by [the withches]"(232). Some are still not convinced though of the witches less than supernatural role; nevertheless, Macbeth appears throughout the play to be completely aware 3 of his actions, as opposed to being contolled by some mystic force. The effect of the witches on the action of the play is best summarized by these words: ...while the influences of the Witches' prophecies on Macbeth is very great, it is quite clearly shown to be an influnce and nothing more.(Bradley 232) Most important to the theory that Macbeth is reponsible for his own actions would be a point that the infamous witches and Macbeth agree upon. Such an element exists in the form of Macbeth's ambiton. In the soliloquy Macbeth gives before he murders Duncan, he states, "...I have no spur/To prick the sides of intent, but only/Vaulting ambition,..."(I.vii.25-27). Are these the words of a man who is merely being led down a self dustructive path of doom, with no will of his own? Or are they the words of a man who realizes not only the graveness of his actions, but, also the reasons behind them? The answer is clear, Macbeth is a totally cognizant principal and not a mindless puppet. Later the head witch, Hecate, declares,"Hath been but for a wayward son,/Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do,/Loves for his own ends, not for you." (III.v.11-13), which again highlights Macbeth's ambitious nature. The most significant part of the play is the part that is missing, and that is a connection between Macbeth's ambition and some spell cast by the weird sisters which might be said to magically cause an increase in his desires. While purposely played in a mysterious setting, the location is not meant to cloud the true theme of the play with the supernatural. Macbeth simply succumbs to natural urges which take him to a fate of his own making. Everyone has character flaws that he must live with; Macbeth simply allowed those flaws to destroy him. 3 Bibliography Bradley, A.C. "The Witch Scenes in Macbeth." England in Literature. Ed. John Pfordesher, Gladys V. Veidemanis, and Helen McDonnell. Illinois: Scott, Foresman, 1989. 232-233 Shekespeare, William. Macbeth. England in Literature. Ed. John Pfordesher, Gladys V. Veidemanis, and Helen McDonnell. Illinois: Scott, Foresman, 1989. 191-262
Sunday, March 8, 2020
As It Is in Heaven (2004) The film As It Is in Heaven (2004) dwells upon some of the most important planning issues. It portrays the difference between two cultures, urban and rural. It goes without saying that these two cultures shape peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and their ways of life.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on As It Is in Heaven (2004) specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One of the basic differences between the two cultures is community environment. For instance, in urban areas there can hardly be the notion of neighborhood, since in urban areas people are concerned with their problems and do not pay attention to what is going on around them. On the contrary, rural areas are characterized by certain community environment where people know each other, and often intervene in each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. It is important to add that public opinion is what people in urban areas ignore in the majority of cases. People simply have no time to watch a fter someone else. Besides, there are far too many people in urban areas, so everyone is almost invisible in such a crowd. However, in rural areas people try to have positive image and take into account the public opinion, the opinion of people living in the neighborhood. This peculiarity of rural areas is revealed in the film. For instance, many people (especially women) try to make their neighbors conduct in accordance with high morality. Such people as Siv even have no time for their private life since they keep an eye on the neighborhood. It goes without saying that such peculiarities of culture shape peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. As far as urban areas are concerned, people enjoy much individual freedom and that is why they are bolder, so to speak. As for rural communities people do not have much of individual freedom. People are afraid to do something that can evoke negative attitude of neighbors. Some may say that it is good since people in rural areas are watched and will have to conduct properly. However, this is not the case. In rural areas people often misbehave, but try to conceal their inappropriate behavior. Thus, Gabriella is beaten by a husband and community did not affect her husband to prevent that disgraceful behavior. However, rural areas provide people with something that cannot be underestimated. In rural areas people feel the support of their neighbors and whenever something bad happens they can count on others to help them. There is almost nothing of this kind in urban areas where people often feel lonely and depressed because of the lack of support and even communication.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I have experience in both cultures so I can point out positive and negative point in both of them. The negative facets of these cultures are as follows: in urban areas people are too distant from each other, and in rural areas i t is sometimes quite hard to feel free. However, I must say that in rural area it is easier to live since people feel support and can count on their neighborhood. I was lucky to live in a rural area where people were not so concerned with morality, and there was quite a lot of individual freedom. Thus, every rule has exceptions, and in urban areas people sometimes feel support. On balance, I would like to point out that proper and effective planning presupposes that all the peculiarities of these two areas are taken into account. Perfect area for living should include positive points of both cultures and should not have negative facets of these cultures.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Security Operations in the United States since September 11, 2001 - Term Paper Example This essay discusses the September 11, 2001 attacks, that led to the implementation of various security policies by the government. These policies were meant to improve the apprehension of terrorists and the prevention of more terrorist attacks and activities. These security measures have provided safety and security for Americans, ensuring that authorities can carry out security measures efficiently. However, these changes have caused various negative elements into play. Firstly, entry and migration into the US has become tighter and more difficult. Secondly, these security measures have caused violations of rights, especially those which relate to the rights of privacy, rights of the public to be informed about government actions, and the rights to due process. Finally, security measures have caused racial tensions in US. In effect, although we may be safer now, we have become less secured in our civil rights. These security measures have provided safer conditions for Americans all owing the government authorities to carry out security measures with minimal legal interference. However, the price for these security operations has been and is being paid for by the American public. Firstly, going into and out of the ports has become a very difficult and tedious process. Secondly, these security measures have also led to the violations of liberties and rights, especially those which relate to the rights of privacy, rights of the public to be informed about government actions, and the rights to due process.